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Jul 18th
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Environment

Articles about the environment section

Impact of Climate Change on Kirtipur municipality with respect to Agriculture and Food Security

Impact of Climate Change on Kirtipur municipality with respect to Agriculture and Food Security

Rice is a staple food of the people of Kirtipur Municipality. About 50 percent of the land is under agriculture of which a large part is planted with rice. Rice is a summer crop planted in June & July and harvested in September & October, a period that coincides with monsoon rain providing required water for the crop. Though rice is a water demanding crop, it is grown in Kirtipur as a rainfed crop because there are no reliable water sources for irrigation in most part of the area. In the past few years farmers have not been able to plant rice in normal time because of delayed monsoon. Since paddy needs to be harvested before the temperature begins to drop in September, it must be planted in time so that the crop remains in the field for adequate number of days for a good harvest. Global projections and several studies reveal that the uncertainty in monsoon rainfall patterns especially in south Asia is due to the impact of climate change which has its adverse effects in agriculture.

Last Updated ( Monday, 13 September 2010 19:10 )

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Changing Climate- Shifting Seasons

Changing Climate- Shifting Seasons

Any changes occurred in climatic conditions affecting rainfall patterns will have an adverse impact on agriculture eventually affecting the economic well-being of the people. As weather pattern changes, the economy of farmers, which depends on traditional subsistence-based agriculture, become more vulnerable and difficult.

Rainfalls of Jestha and Ashar (mid July) have been shifted to Shrawan and Bhadra which has negatively affected the paddy production. Variability in the onset of the rainy season has lead to variation in the start of the planting season of rain fed rice. Paddy cultivation in Kirtipur Municipality which lies in the middle hills physio-graphic region of Nepal with the land system characterized by gentle undulating topography at an elevation varying from 1284m to 1524m above mean sea level depends on rainfall.

Last Updated ( Monday, 13 September 2010 19:13 )

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