As swine flu has already detected in Nepal, so get to know more about this fatal disease.
What is swine flu?
Swine flu, or influenza A (H1N1), is a respiratory disease that infects pigs and these days to human and is caused by a flu virus. Although the name 'swine flu' brings up a lot of extra fear and worry, it is important to note that swine flu is just an influenza A H1N1 virus. That means that it is just another type of flu virus, just like that causes our typical seasonal flu symptoms. The big difference is that the current swine influenza A (H1N1) virus has components of pig and bird influenza viruses in it, so that humans don't have any immunity to it. That makes it more likely to become a pandemic virus (have the ability to cause a global outbreak) if it can easily spread from person-to-person.
What are swine flu symptoms?
Symptoms of swine flu are like regular flu symptoms and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, body aches, headache, chills, and fatigue. Many people with swine flu have had diarrhea and vomiting. Nearly everyone with flu has at least two of these symptoms. But these symptoms can also be caused by many other conditions. That means that you and your doctor can't know, just based on your symptoms, if you've got swine flu. Health care professionals may offer a rapid flu test to see if you have influenza A infection.
How does swine flu spread? Is it airborne?
The new swine flu virus apparently spreads just like regular flu. You could pick up germs directly from droplets from the cough or sneeze of an infected person, or by touching an object they recently touched, and then touching your eyes, mouth, or nose, delivering their germs for your own infection. That's why you should make washing your hands a habit, even when you're not ill. Infected people can start spreading flu germs up to a day before symptoms start, and for up to seven days after getting sick.The swine flu virus can become airborne if you cough or sneeze without covering your nose and mouth, sending germs into the air.
How can you prevent swine flu infection?
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after coughing or sneezing. Avoid close contact -- that is, being within six feet -- with people who have flu-like symptoms. Avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes. That's not easy to do, so keep those hands clean.If you have flu-like symptoms -- fever plus at least cough or sore throat or other flu symptoms do contact to the near by health center.
What else should you be doing?
Keep informed of what's going on in your community.
Compiled by Prabin Maharjan