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Home Education Learn Nepal Bhasa Nepal Bhasa Series - 2

Nepal Bhasa Series - 2

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Nepal Bhasa Series is an up-to-date survey of the contemporary Nepal Bhasa. This series has a special purpose. It teaches Nepal Bhasa, one of the mother tongues of the inhabitants of the people of the country, to beginners and interested all. Those who are interested in learning this language including non-Newars as well will be provided with the self learning lessons via series of lessons. An attempt has been made to teach Nepal Bhasa through the medium of Nepali and English languages. The words of the Nepal Bhasa and Nepali language have been transliterated in Roman letters. It is expected that non-Newars and Newars as well will be benefited from the following Roman Transliteration.


Roman transliteration of the Nepal Bhasa, Nepali and English languages in common is given below:

 maa aakha: / Swar Varna / VowelsIllustrations
 अ a as in again, allow
 आ ā as in art, cart
 इ i as in lift, city
 ई ī as in eat, seat
 उ u as in put, book
 ऊ
 ũ as in pool, moon
 ऋ ŗ not available in English
 ए e as in egg, get (slightly palatalized in Nepal Bhasa)
 ऐ ai not available in English (This sound can be equated with diphthong /еI/)
 ओ o as in cough, hot
 औ au as in so, home
 अँ  F  not available in English
 अं m Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE NE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} ׂ (Symbol above 'm') not available in English
 अ: h  not available in English

अं1 – अं – long nasal sound in Nepal Bhasa
     – अँ – short nasal sound in Nepal Bhasa

 

Vyanjan Varna
Consonants
Illustrations
 क् k as in king, sky
 ख्
 kh not available in English
 ग् g as in go, big
 घ् gh not available in English
 ङ् nׂ(Symbol above 'n') as in singer, ring
 च् c as in charm, match  ([ch] is rather stop in Nepali and Nepal Bhasa both)
 छ् ch not available in English
 ज् j as in pigeon, zoo, measure (however Nepali ज्  most similar with /z/ in English)
 झ् jh not available in English
 ञ् nˆ (Symbol above 'n') not available in Englis
 ट् ṭ   as in ten, cattle
 ठ् ṭh not available in English
 ड् ḍ  as in that, either  
 ढ् ḍh  not available in English
 ण्
 ṇnot available in English
 त् t not available in English
 थ् th as in think, nothing ( /th/ is rather stop in Nepali and Nepal Bhasa both)
 द् d as in though, together ( /th/ is rather stop in Nepali and Nepal Bhasa both)
 ध् dh not available in English
 न् n as in nose, nest
 न्ह्2 nh not available in English
 प् p as in pen, past
 फ् ph as in fat, calf ([ph] is rather bilabial in Nepal Bhasa and Nepali as well)
 ब् b as in ball, celebration
 भ् bh as in cave, vine ([bh] is rather bilabial in Nepal Bhasa and Nepali as well)
 म् m as in mass, nominal
 म्ह्3 mh not available in English
 य् y as in yak, yatch
 र् r as in rat, very
 ल् l as in leg, salt
 ल्ह्4 lh not available in English
 व् v/w as in van, cave
 श्5 ś as in she, cashier
 ष्6 ṣnot available in English
 स् s as in see, cost
 ह h as in hot, ahead
 क्ष ks not available in English
 त्र tr not available in English

न्ह्2 / म्ह्3 / ल्ह्4– न्ह्, म्ह् and ल्ह् sounds are not available in the English and Nepali languages but they are available in the Nepal Bhasa. (Source: Malla K.P. (ed):  A dictionary of Classical Newari, 2000)

श्5 / ष्6 – श्  and ष् sounds are not available in the Nepal Bhasa

 

The diacritic symbols mentioned in the table are given below with their meanings. 

SymbolsNepal Bhasa
Nepali LanguageEnglish Language
 ~नासिक्य (nasikya) नासिक्य (nasikya) nasalized sound
 . सिनफुति (sinaphuti) शिरविन्दु (sirbindu) The nasal sound marked by a dot(.) over the line
  F  मिलाफुति (milaphuti) चन्द्रविन्दु (chandrabindu)  not available in English
 :
 लिफुति (liphuti) बिसर्ग (bisarga) a: (a with emphasis)

 (Source: Turner, R. L.: A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language, 1990)

Last Updated ( Saturday, 25 September 2010 17:07 )  

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